三级成人视频Jeremy Corbyn has been accused of "serious failings" in a damning new report into Labour anti-Semitism.
The long-awaited 130-page report was published after a 16-month investigation by the Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC), triggered by growing concern over the party's complaints process.
The report ruled that the party had broken the law by failing to prevent "acts of harassment and discrimination" and said Mr Corbyn's leadership "did not do enough to prevent anti-Semitism and, at worst, could be seen to accept it".
三级成人视频Investigators noted "a lack of leadership within the Labour Party on these issues", which the report said was "hard to reconcile with its stated commitment to a zero-tolerance approach to anti-Semitism".
三级成人视频It said: "The Labour Party must live up to this commitment and acknowledge the impact that multiple investigations and years of failing to tackle anti-Semitism has had on Jewish people."
The report also added that it "uncovered serious failings" in the way complaints were handled until at least 2018.
The committee found that Mr Corbyn's office unlawfully "politically interfered" with almost two dozen cases of alleged anti-Semitism. It also said that Ken Livingstone, Labour's former Mayor of London, had committed "unlawful harassment" for dismissing anti-Semitism.
The lead investigator of the report, Alasdair Henderson, said that Mr Corbyn was "ultimately accountable and responsible"三级成人视频 for the failings of the party.
Labour has until December 10 to implement the recommendations of the report or face legal action.
Corbyn's office interfered 23 times in a ‘discriminatory and unlawful way’
Almost a third of the 70 complaints investigated by the EHRC found instances of political interference by Mr Corbyn's office or other Labour members. The former Labour leader's staff members even urged the complaints body to drop an investigation relating to him.
Decisions influenced included "whether to investigate and whether to suspend" members, and the ECHR concluded the interference was "not a legitimate approach to determining complaints". Its report said: "We concluded that this was indirectly discriminatory and unlawful, and that the Labour Party was legally responsible for it."
In one example, the ECHR report that Mr Corbyn’s team put pressure on the Governance and Legal Unit (GLU) over a 2016 complaint lodged against the then-leader. The complaint was made after it emerged that Mr Corbyn had objected to the removal of an anti-Semitic mural four years earlier.
In an email to the GLU, his team said the case should be dismissed because it "seems to fall well below the threshold required for investigation". His staff then "amended and approved" the GLU's written response, leading the ECHR to conclude they had "directly interfered in the decision not to investigate in this case".
In another example, the GLU requested input from Mr Corbyn's office to suspend a member for anti-Semitism. In an email, his team requested an "immediate suspension" of the individual and a "robust press line to that effect". A member of the GLU later confirmed that Karie Murphy, Mr Corbyn's then chief of staff, had told him the "decision is to suspend".
The report also found that the "substantive" approach of the National Executive Committee (NEC) had been influenced by external events. It argued that the decision to re-suspend Chris Williamson in June 2019 was made after news of his reinstatement "was leaked to the press and prompted an outcry".
A 'serious failure' of leadership
The report identified "a serious failure of leadership", coupled with an "inadequate process for handling anti-Semitism complaints across the Labour Party". It accused the complaints system of being "inconsistent, poor and not transparent" when it came to the process used and said it had found evidence of "political interference" in its handling of them.
三级成人视频It also highlighted reasons for decisions, record-keeping, delay and failures to communicate with complainants as problematic. It added that some complaints were not investigated at all, and that this was "unjustifiable".
三级成人视频The party committed "unlawful harassment" through the acts of its agents by suggesting that anti-Semitism complaints were "fake or smears", which the report said undermined the party's stated commitment to zero tolerance of anti-Semitism.
三级成人视频Overall, the report found a lack of leadership when it came to harassment, discrimination and political interference.
It said that because the party had demonstrated an ability to "act decisively when it wants to", such as the introduction of a "bespoke process to deal with sexual harassment complaints三级成人视频", it was difficult not to find "that anti-Semitism within the Labour Party could have been tackled more effectively if the leadership had chosen to do so".
三级成人视频The report does not lay blame directly with Mr Corbyn, but Mr Henderson said the failure of leadership must ultimately stop with him. "As the leader of the party at the time, and given the extent of the failings we found in the political interference within the leader of the opposition's office, Jeremy Corbyn is ultimately accountable and responsible for what happened at that time," he said.
Ken Livingstone created 'hostile' environment for Jewish members
The report found that Mr Livingstone had committed harassment against Labour members by dismissing claims of anti-Semitism.
He was a member of the party’s powerful NEC in April 2016 when he made a series of anti-Semitic remarks. He invoked a classic trope when he argued that "the Israel lobby" had driven scrutiny of anti-Semitic comments made by Labour MP Naz Shah.
The watchdog concluded that the Labour Party, through Mr Livingstone, had committed "harassment against its members in relation to Jewish ethnicity". The report also found his comments "had the effect of creating an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment for members, and prospective members, of the Labour Party, particularly those who were Jewish".
The EHRC also found "evidence" of Mr Corbyn's staff being involved in the decision to investigate a complaint of anti-Semitism made against Mr Livingstone.
三级成人视频In a statement posted on his website, Mr Livingstone said: "I am proud of my record as an anti-racist and a leading campaigner against the far-right and their hate from when I joined the Labour Party in 1969 through my life since, including serving as a local councillor, Greater London Council member, MP, Mayor of London and Labour National Executive Committee member.
三级成人视频"I have always implacably opposed anti-Semitism. As a life-long anti-racist, I am deeply hurt by – and fully reject – the accusations again being circulated across parts of the media and by political opponents that I am anything but 100 per cent committed to fighting all forms of racism, including anti-Semitism."
The Labour councillor guilty of unlawful harassment
Another agent of Labour whose behaviour led the party to being found to have committed unlawful harassment was Pam Bromley.
As a Labour Party local authority councillor in Rossendale, she made numerous statements on Facebook between April 2018 and December 2019 that were said to have caused an "intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment for members, and prospective members, of the Labour Party, particularly those who were Jewish".
三级成人视频On her Facebook profile, she identified as a "Labour Party member/councillor for Corbyn" and her profile picture at a time during the period covered by the posts included the words "Jeremy Corbyn Keep the Faith".
The Labour Party received a number of complaints about Ms Bromley's conduct. Despite her social media posts having been brought to the attention of the GLU in May 2017, it took almost a year before she was suspended. It would not be until February 2020 that she was expelled.
The report found that her comments were "unwanted conduct related to Jewish ethnicity, which, whether viewed individually or together with other relevant acts of Labour Party agents, had the effect of harassing Labour Party members".
Support for Hitler and Jewish conspiracy theories
The EHRC found significant evidence of "anti-Semitic conduct" on social media, including examples of Labour members expressing support for Hitler and diminishing the scale of the Holocaust. In other cases, members compared Israelis to Nazis and said complaints against the party had been manufactured by the "Israel lobby".
Others referenced conspiracies about the Rothschild family and Jewish power over financial institutions, while some social media posters blamed Jewish people for the actions of the state of Israel.
The watchdog found that a "significant number of complaints" based on social media posts were not investigated. It said: "We found evidence of a significant number of complaints relating to anti-Semitism that were not investigated at all; this is especially true for complaints about social media activity where the Labour Party previously adopted a policy of not investigating mere 'likes' or reposts.
"Where matters were investigated, the guidance on appropriate sanctions was unclear and inconsistent."
The EHRC report found that Labour adopted a policy of not investigating complaints in cases regarding likes or shares of anti-Semitic content on social media. It argued this policy was "at clear odds" with the party's commitment to zero tolerance of anti-Semitism and meant repeated sharing of such material could have escaped investigation.
However, it noted that Labour had since acknowledged that this policy was wrong and had not applied it since mid-2018.
Three reports, six wasted years
The investigation into anti-Semitism in the Labour Party came about after complaints were made to the EHRC by the Campaign Against Antisemitism (CAA) and the Jewish Labour Movement (JLM) in the summer and autumn of 2018.
Documents provided included information about more than 220 allegations of anti-Semitism within Labour, dating back to 2011.
This came after Labour had already commissioned two inquiries into anti-Semitism in 2016. These included an overarching inquiry by Baroness Shami Chakrabarti and a specific inquiry into allegations of anti-Semitism at Oxford University Labour Club by Baroness Jan Royall.
三级成人视频Also in that year, the Home Affairs Select Committee (HASC) reported on its inquiry into anti-Semitism in the UK, following an increase in prejudice and violence against Jewish communities.
三级成人视频Despite these three reports, concerns about anti-Semitism in the Labour Party continued, resulting in this investigation.
What Labour must now do to avoid being taken to court
Labour has until December 10 to act on the recommendations of the EHRC or face legal action.
As part of its "action plan", the watchdog has urged leaders to commission an independent process to handle anti-Semitism complaints until "trust and confidence" is restored. It also states that the party must "acknowledge the effect that political interference has had on the handling" of complaints and implement clear rules to sanction inappropriate meddling.
The Labour Party must also put in place long-term arrangements for independent oversight of the complaint handling process "to make sure that standards are monitored and enforced".
三级成人视频The EHRC recommends Labour update its "Code of Conduct: Social Media Policy" to make it clear that members may be investigated and subject to disciplinary action if they share or like any anti-Semitic social media content. It also calls for all of those involved in the complaints process to receive "education and practical training" within six months.
三级成人视频Members found to have engaged in anti-Semitic conduct would be required to take a course on "identifying and tackling anti-Semitism".